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What is a tank truck called?

Tank truck are generally divided into several categories:

  • Fuel Tank truck: Mainly used to transport petroleum products, such as gasoline and diesel.

  • Chemical tank truck: Designed to transport chemical raw materials, they are anti-corrosion and anti-leakage.

  • Food tank truck: Mainly used to transport food raw materials, such as milk, beverages, etc., the tanks are required to be hygienic and odor-free.

  • Water Tank Tanker: Mainly used to transport water, which can be potable or non-potable.

  • Bulk Powder Goods Tank Truck: Mainly used to transport cement, fly ash and other powdery materials.

    Tank Truck

What is the meaning of truck tank?

A tank truck refers to a tank-shaped container, usually with a working pump. Tank trucks are specially used to transport bulk liquid, powder, granular, gas and other liquid goods with certain fluidity. Such as liquid fuel, lubricating oil, liquid chemicals, cement, feed, food and drink, water, etc., as well as special cars and car trains to complete specific tasks.

Tank truck also have different classifications depending on the tank volume, and we generally divided them into the following loading sections:

5-10 square meters; 10-15 square meters; 15-20 square meters; 20-25 square meters; 25-30 square meters

According to the difference of tank material and transportation medium, it is also divided into two categories:

1. Metal tank: mainly refers to tanks made of carbon steel, acid-resistant stainless steel, aluminum or aluminum alloy plates.

2. Non-metal tanks: mainly refer to tanks made of fiberglass tanks, lined with plastic, etc.

Tank trucks are widely used in the following fields:

  1. Petroleum transportation: transporting petroleum products such as gasoline and diesel.

  2. Transportation of chemical products: transportation of chemical raw materials such as acids, alkalis, and solvents.

  3. Food transportation: transporting milk, beverages, alcohol and other food raw materials.

  4. Water treatment: transporting clean water after sewage treatment or supplying drinking water.

  5. Powder material transportation: transport cement, flour and other powdery materials.

Advantages of tank trucks:

  • Improved transportation efficiency. Since tank-type containers for loading materials can use mechanized loading and unloading, the loading and unloading time is greatly shortened, vehicle turnover is accelerated, and transportation efficiency is improved.

  • Since the tank is usually a sealed container, the materials in the tank are not affected by climate conditions. If the material has temperature requirements, it can also be made into a special structure tank such as an insulated tank or a heating tank to protect the material. Therefore, the material is not easy to deteriorate, nor is it easy to be polluted and leaked.

  • Improve loading and unloading conditions and reduce labor intensity. Tank truck transportation can mechanize loading, transportation, and unloading, and it is all carried out in a closed state, which greatly reduces the number of workers and labor intensity, and also reduces dust flying and odor emission.

  • Save packaging materials and reduce transportation costs. Materials are transported in bulk, which saves packaging materials, increases loading quality, and reduces transportation costs.

  • Conducive to safe transportation. Due to sealed transportation, materials will not leak, and even if they carry toxic and harmful substances, they will not pollute the environment. For explosive and flammable items, accidents are not likely to occur.

Daily maintenance methods

1. Regular Inspections: Check the tank for signs of cracks, rust, or leaks.

2. Clean the tank: After transporting different media, the inside of the tank should be cleaned in time to prevent cross-contamination.

3. Check the loading and unloading system: Make sure the pumps, valves and pipelines are working properly and there are no leaks.

4. Check safety devices: Regularly check whether the anti-overflow device and emergency shut-off valve are intact.

5. Tires and Suspension System: Check tire wear and suspension system integrity.


1. Q: Does the tank body of a tank truck require special materials?

   A: Yes, the tank needs to choose appropriate corrosion-resistant materials according to the medium being transported.

2. Q: How does the tank truck loading and unloading system operate?

   A: The operation of the loading and unloading system should follow the manufacturer's guidance and safety procedures, which usually includes steps such as connecting pipelines, starting pumps, and opening valves.

3. Q: What safety matters need to be paid attention to during the transportation of tank trucks?

   A: It is necessary to ensure that the tank is well sealed, the loading and unloading system has no leaks, obey the traffic rules, and avoid sudden braking or sharp turns.

4. Q: Is the maintenance cost of tank trucks high?

   A: The maintenance cost of tank trucks is relatively high because of the need to regularly inspect and clean the tank, as well as maintain the loading and unloading system and safety devices.

5. Q: What is the service life of a tank truck?

   A: The service life of a tank truck is usually around 10-15 years, but this also depends on the frequency of use of the vehicle, quality of maintenance and operating conditions.




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